Showing posts from January, 2008


It is now an established fact that all the cultural productions—be it popular or serious and be it a production on the celluloid or on the stage—are actually produced on the invisible matrices of a particular culture at a particular time, and what makes the acceptance or refusal of a particular art form possible is the operation of ideology or ideologies in the society. This is more prominently understandable in the rise and development of Restoration Comedy, which coincided with the restoration of monarchy, of king Charles II­ (1660) after England had gone through a political. England had previously seen a king being murdered and a Protector clamping strictest moral restorations of Puritan faith. It was not only a restoration of monarchy but also of drama, because during Cromwell’s regime the theatres were branded as immoral. Between 1642 and 1660 English theatre virtually did not exist. The natural reaction of moral starvation was extreme profligacy. The king himself was an indolent…

The Character of Edward II

Analysing Donne's The Sun Rising: as a Metaphysical and Philosophical Love Poem

Indo-Anglian Novels

Generally speaking, Indian writings in English are a product of the historical encounter between the two cultures—Indian and the western—for about one hundred and ninety years. It is not that Indian people did not experience the impact of a foreign culture. It did during the reigns of various foreign rulers. But the difference with the British rule lies in the nature of the economic system that had come into being in Europe after the Renaissance, described by Marx as capitalist system. Before the introduction of the British rule India had the feudal economic system, in accordance with which the vast population of the country, having various religious faiths and conforming to the caste system, tried to live their life, sometimes fatalistically and sometimes stoically. Above all, it was a closed society with a peculiar cultural xenophobia. In fact, India had been awaiting a political and cultural change, which became necessary after the weakening and disintegration of the Moghul Empire.…

Masculinity of the English Language

“It [English] is the language”, Jesperson concludes, “of a grown up man having very little childish or feminine about it”. While analysing and comparing English with many languages, as a philologist he marked out certain characteristics of English, which he found decidedly masculine. The evolution of the language as a masculine one, in fact, coincides with the rise of the Anglo-Saxon people and the subsequent world domination. Perhaps the national spirit for domination contributed much to making English a masculine language.The masculine traits of the language are as follows:I. Sound System in English:The sound system of the English language is characterised by certain masculine traits. The consonants are well defined. They belong to their own types, and they are precisely pronounced; for instance, ‘t’ is always pronounced as ‘t’ as in ‘bat’, ‘d’ is always a ‘d’ as in ‘desk’ and so on. These consonantal sounds are much less modified by the following vowels compared to that in some oth…

Role and function the Gloucester subplot in King Lear